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Industrial Lighting: Common Safety and Health Issues and Solutions


Industrial lighting is closely related to our life, whether in workshops, warehouses or parking lots, we need high quality lighting to improve efficiency and keep people safe and healthy.

As a lighting designer, I understand the importance of industrial lighting, and will introduce you to the knowledge and solutions of industrial lighting in this article, I hope it can help you.

I. Industrial lighting overview

1.1 The definition and importance of industrial lighting

Industrial lighting refers to the lighting technology and equipment used in industrial production and related places. In industrial production, lighting not only affects the productivity and quality of work of workers, but also directly affects the health and safety of workers.

1.2 Classification of industrial lighting and common application scenarios

According to the type of lighting fixtures, industrial lighting can be divided into general lighting, emergency lighting and safety lighting. In different application scenarios, such as workshops, warehouses, parking lots, etc., it is necessary to select the appropriate type of lighting according to the specific requirements of use.

1.3 The development of industrial lighting and future trends

With the continuous development of technology, industrial lighting technology and applications are constantly improving and updating. In the future, industrial lighting will pay more attention to energy saving, environmental protection and intelligence.

1.4 Industrial lighting technology principles and key parameters

The technical principles of industrial lighting, including light sources, lighting fixtures and lighting systems, and illuminance, light color, light decay and color temperature are the key parameters to measure the quality of industrial lighting.

II. The industrial lighting safety and health issues

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2.1 Industrial lighting safety and health issues that may exist

Industrial lighting may have safety and health issues include light pollution, insufficient or excessive illumination, flicker and reflection, temperature and humidity, etc.

2.2 Light pollution effects on human health

Light pollution can have adverse effects on human physiological and psychological health, such as reduced sleep quality and increased depression.

2.3 Effects of insufficient and excessive illumination on work efficiency and physical health

Insufficient or excessive illumination will affect the work efficiency and health of workers, such as fatigue, vision loss, etc.

2.4 Flicker and reflection harm to eyes

In addition to illumination problems, flicker and reflection can also be harmful to the eyes. Some lighting equipment will flicker during operation, and this flickering phenomenon may have adverse effects on human vision. For example, some fluorescent lamps may flicker after use, and such flicker can dazzle people and make them feel uncomfortable.

In addition, the reflection phenomenon can also have a negative impact on human vision. For example, when light hits a smooth surface, it is easy to produce reflections, and such reflected light may directly hit the human eyes, causing dizziness, headaches and other uncomfortable symptoms.

In order to avoid flicker and reflection on the eyes, we can take the following measures:

  1. Choose high-quality lighting equipment to avoid the flicker phenomenon.
  1. For places where the reflection phenomenon is more serious, anti-reflection materials can be used to cover the surface to reduce the irritation of reflected light to the human eye.Reasonable adjustment of the angle and position of the lamps and lanterns, to avoid direct irradiation into the human eye.

III. Solutions for Industrial Lighting

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3.1 Safety and health solutions

For the safety and health problems of industrial lighting, we can take the following solutions:

  • Select lighting equipment that meets safety standards, such as CE, RoHS certification, etc., to ensure that lighting equipment does not have an adverse effect on the human body.
  • Design a reasonable lighting scheme, including illumination level, lighting range, lighting layout, etc., so that it meets human work and health needs.
  • Regular maintenance and inspection of lighting equipment to ensure the normal operation and safety of the lighting equipment.

3.2 Illuminance and light color reasonable choice

Illumination and light color have a great impact on human health and work efficiency. Too low an illumination level can easily cause fatigue and visual fatigue, while too high an illumination level can lead to glare, reflection and dazzle, affecting the visual experience and visual health.

Therefore, lighting designers need to choose the appropriate illuminance and light color according to the working environment and needs.

Illuminance is the intensity of light illumination at a given point, usually expressed in terms of luminous flux per unit area (lumens). Depending on the work environment and the requirements of the task, the appropriate illumination level can be selected.

For example, in places such as offices and stores, the illuminance should be between 300-500lx, while in industrial places such as manufacturing, warehouses and parking lots, the illuminance needs to be higher, usually between 500-1000lx. Of course, this also needs to be adjusted according to the regulations and standards of different countries and regions.

Light color refers to the color and color temperature of the lighting light, usually expressed in terms of the color temperature of light (in Kelvin). Different light colors can affect human psychology and emotions, so it is necessary to choose the appropriate light color according to the workplace and needs.

For example, in commercial premises and family environment, the more suitable light color is natural white or warm white (2700K-4000K), which can create a warm, comfortable atmosphere; while in the industrial environment, the more suitable light color is daylight or natural white (4000K-6500K), which can improve work efficiency and reduce fatigue.

3.3 Light color should meet the human physiological and psychological needs

In addition to illumination, light color is also an important factor affecting human health and psychology. In industrial lighting, some scenes need specific light color, such as hospital operating rooms need cool white light, while offices need warm white light. When choosing lamps, the effect of light color on the human body should be considered.

Studies have shown that blue light has a greater physiological and psychological impact on the human body than red light, blue light has a stimulating effect on the human retina, and too much blue light can easily cause visual fatigue, dry eyes and other symptoms. Therefore, in the choice of industrial lighting fixtures, you should choose a softer light color lamps and lanterns, and reasonable control of the proportion of blue light.

3.4 Lighting time and light regulation

In addition to illumination and light color, lighting time and light regulation is also an important factor affecting work efficiency and health.

Lighting time should be adjusted according to the needs of the specific working environment and tasks. For example, in a general factory floor, the daytime lighting time should be consistent with daylight hours, and at night there should be sufficient lighting to ensure the efficiency of work and the health of workers. People working in hot environments need more rest and lighting time.

In addition, light regulation is also very important. With the increase of working hours, the workers’ visual fatigue will gradually increase, which needs to be adjusted by light to reduce fatigue. For example, in tasks that require long periods of concentration, soft light can be used to reduce eye fatigue and increase work efficiency.

In order to meet the needs of different tasks, lamps and lanterns need to have the function of light adjustment. Some lamps and lanterns can also be pre-set light adjustment, for example, in the need to work for a long time in the task, the light of the lamp can be adjusted to a softer light, thereby reducing visual fatigue.

IV. Reasonable luminaire installation and maintenance methods

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In addition to proper lighting layout and luminaire selection, reasonable luminaire installation and maintenance is also an important part of ensuring efficient operation of industrial lighting systems.

First of all, the installation position of the luminaire should be reasonable to avoid direct light to human eyes and to avoid the light from creating shadows in the working area, which affects the work efficiency. Lamps should be installed according to the lighting needs to choose different installation methods, such as suspended, wall-mounted, ceiling-mounted, etc., to meet the needs of different scenes.

Second, the maintenance of industrial lighting systems also need to be carried out in a timely manner. Regularly check the condition of the lamps and lanterns, timely replacement of aging or faulty lamps and lanterns to ensure the stability and safety of the lighting system. In addition, regular cleaning of lamps and reflectors to avoid dust and dirt affect the light reflection effect, improve the lighting effect and energy utilization.

V. Energy saving and environmental protection program exploration

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With the increasing global awareness of environmental protection, more and more companies are focusing on energy conservation and environmental protection. In the field of industrial lighting, it is also necessary to explore more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly solutions to meet the needs of sustainable development of enterprises.

On the one hand, energy consumption can be reduced and CO2 emissions reduced by using more efficient and energy-saving lighting products, such as LED lamps and lanterns, T5 lamps, etc. In addition, intelligent lighting control systems can be used to further reduce energy consumption by realizing fine dimming, timing switching and other functions through sensing technologies such as light sensing and human sensing.

On the other hand, it can also start from lighting design and lamp production, etc. to optimize the design scheme and production process of industrial lighting system to reduce resource consumption and environmental pollution.

Industrial lighting has a very important role in modern industrial production, and safety and health issues are aspects of industrial lighting that should be taken seriously. We should choose suitable lighting design and luminaire products from the perspective of lighting safety and health, and install and maintain the luminaires in the right way to achieve the best lighting effect and maximize the protection of employees’ health.

KOSOOM, as a professional commercial LED lighting solutions provider, offers a wide range of luminaire products such as LED track lights and linear lighting to meet different needs of customers. If you are looking for high quality and reliable commercial lighting products, KOSOOM will be your best choice.

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